Last Updated on 4 months by ICT Team

Candlestick pattern has been utilized by traders for centuries to predict price direction across various financial markets. These technical tools offer a more comprehensive view of market data than traditional open, high, low, and close (OHLC) bars or simple lines. The concept of candlestick patterns originated from 18th-century Japanese rice traders, and their popularity endures to this day.

Candlestick Pattern Tell a Story

When analyzing a candlestick, it’s crucial to view it as a battle between buyers and sellers. A light candle (typically green or white) indicates that buyers have dominated the day, while a dark candle (red or black) signifies sellers’ success. However, it’s the tug of war between buyers and sellers between the open and close, reflected in the candlesticks, that makes them a compelling charting tool.

Key Takeaways

  • Candlestick patterns are reliable technical trading tools with descriptive names.
  • They offer predictive insights into potential price direction.
  • Traders can enhance candlestick patterns by combining them with other technical indicators.
  • Candlesticks are based on past and current price movements and are not future indicators.

Understanding Basic Candlestick Pattern Charts

To grasp candlestick patterns fully, let’s first understand the components of a candlestick.

  • A daily candlestick represents a market’s opening, high, low, and closing prices (OHLC).
  • The rectangular body of the candle is colored green or white for price increases and red or black for price declines.
  • The lines above and below the body are known as wicks or tails, signifying the day’s highest and lowest prices.
  • By analyzing these parts together, traders can identify potential changes in market direction, which may require confirmation from the next day’s candle.

Differences in FX Candlesticks and Others

Foreign exchange (FX) candlesticks differ from those of other markets due to the FX market’s 24-hour operation. The daily close in FX trading usually serves as the next day’s open, leading to fewer gaps in price patterns. FX candles might only exhibit a gap over the weekend when the Friday close differs from the Monday open.

Traders should note that some candlestick patterns rely on price gaps as vital components of their signaling power. While using FX candles, one may need to use a touch of imagination to spot potential signals that slightly deviate from traditional patterns. For instance, a bearish engulfing line may not entirely engulf the previous day’s body, but the upper wick might provide a relevant signal.

The Significance of Long Tails and Small Bodies

Candlesticks with small bodies, like dojis, indicate indecision in the market, where buyers and sellers reach a draw, leaving the close near the open. These small-bodied candles often act as reversal indicators, suggesting a loss of momentum in the previous directional movement.

Long tails, especially when combined with small bodies, represent unsuccessful attempts by buyers or sellers to push the price in their favor, ultimately leading to a return near the open. Such patterns, like the doji, indicate potential trend reversals after a prior price increase.

Reliable Candlestick Patterns

Different traders prefer various candlestick patterns, with some of the most popular being bullish/bearish engulfing lines, long-legged doji, and abandoned baby tops and bottoms. Neutral potential reversal signals, such as doji and spinning tops, alert traders to the possibility of a change in market direction.

Effectiveness of Candlestick Pattern Analysis

Candlestick analysis can be effective if traders adhere to the rules and wait for confirmation, usually seen in the next day’s candle. Traders worldwide, particularly in Asia, rely on candlestick analysis to determine overall market direction, making daily candles the preferred choice over shorter-term ones.

Reading Candlestick Patterns

Reading a candlestick pattern involves identifying whether it’s bullish, bearish, or neutral (indecision). Recognizing a pattern and receiving confirmation forms the basis for taking a trade. However, traders should exercise caution and avoid seeing patterns where none exist, allowing the market to guide high-probability candlestick signals.


Candlestick analysis, a time-tested tool, helps traders gain valuable insights into market behavior and potential price direction. By combining candlestick patterns with other technical indicators, traders can refine their strategies and make informed decisions. Daily candles offer a comprehensive view of market information and price action, while candlestick signals frequently highlight moments of indecision, signaling potential changes in market direction. Traders worldwide have embraced candlestick analysis, making it a pivotal element in the realm of technical analysis.

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